ORTHO DONTIC BRACES

Braces are devices used to align and straighten the teeth and helps to position with regards to persons bite.

They are used in dental practice mainly, to treat  various flaws of teeth and jaws

 

FOR WHAT AGE, BRACES ARE ADVICED ?

This question comes in every persons mind.but there is no such age limitation to treat your teeth.

  • For children ideal age to take orthodontic treatment is 12-13 years ,but can be started as early as 6 years
  • For adults ,we can treat the teeth as soon as defect is diagnosed…

Braces are categorized into different types-

  • Metal/traditional braces
  • Ceramic braces
  • Lingual braces
  • Invisalign

 

 

METAL  BRACES:

These are metal brackets and wires fixed to patients  teeth.

  • Most commonly and traditionally using in dental practice by dentist

Advantage; least expensive type, colored bands gives  a person a chance to express themselves.

Disadvantage: They are noticeable during smiling and speaking.

 

 

 

CERAMIC BRACES:       

 

Ceramic  braces are similar to metal braces in their form ,size but the most likely feature is that they blend in tooth.

Advantage : less noticeable than metals

Disadvantage : more expensive.brackets can stain if patients takes coloured foods.

 

LINGUAL BRACES:

All set is similar to metal brackets ,except whole material  are placed in the backside (inner side)of teeth.

Advantage : Not visible when patient smiles.

Disadvantage:difficult to clean and maintain .

  • Can be more uncomfortable at first
  • Regular adjustments take longer duration of results

 

INVISALIGN:

 

It consists of series of 18-30 custom made mouth guard-like clear plastic aligners.

they can be removed by own and also replaced periodically .

Advantage: Invisible,patients can eat and drink what they like

 

 

APPLICATIONS OF ORTHODONTIC BRACES IN DENTAL CONDITIONS LIKE –

TO CORRECT –

1)Protrusion of teeth

2)Crowded teeth

3)Closing spaces /gaps between teeth

4)Deep bite

5)Cross bite

6)Overbite

7)Open bite

8)Under bite

 

POST TREATMENT CARE:

After treating with braces, in order to prevent the teeth from moving back to original position, RETAINERS are worn once the desired bite/teeth alignment has come.

 

RETAINERS

They helps to maintain and stabilize the postion of teeth long enough to permit reorganization of supporting struc